I use to have an impression that majority of our manufacturing are semiconductors and electronics, and this is because they represent the largest part of our total exports. But looking at the 2009 Annual Survey of Philippine Business & Industries which covers both exporters and domestic manufacturers, we see that semiconductors & electronics only account for 14% of the total revenue in manufacturing and there are so many more manufacturing sub-sectors contributing to the economy. The pie-chart below demonstrates this.
Do keep in mind that the ASPBI survey does not include all existing manufacturers, they only include those with at least 20 employees, and that the survey only take a representative sample or significant part for each industry.
The ASPBI not only reports revenue figures, it has a wealth of data. I would like to highlight some interesting facts to demonstrates the diversity of our manufacturing sector.
Most Number of establishments
The plastic industry has the highest number of establishments in the survey, 349, followed by garments with 295, and food with 285.
Most number of employees
There were 841,473 workers employed by the establishements in this survey. Semi-conductor & electronics lead with 89,817 workers, followed by food production & processing with 71,425, then garments with 70,692 workers
Highest Addition to Fixed Asset
Office, accounting and computing machinery recorded the highest with PHP19.4 billion, Basic precious and non-ferrous metals,PHP13.8 billion, and Building and repairing of ships and boats, PHP7.3billion.
Highest Total Compensation
The manufacturing sector provided compensation worth Php 179 Billion, with semicon & electronics leading with Php 25Billion, Food production and Processing with Php 15 Billion and Other Chemicals with Php 12 Billion.
For more details, visit NSO website: http://www.census.gov.ph/data/sectordata/2009/aspbi09_sectd01a.htm
My point is that diversity exists in Philippine manufacturing, and that we produce more products that we think we do. We need to support these industries, allow them to prosper, allow them to create more employment, let them be a source of knowledge and skills for our entrepreneurs and workers, a source of innovation for new products and new industries.
However, how diverse is it versus the manufacturing powerhouses in Asia like China, Thailand, Malaysia? This, we will tackle in future posts….